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ABA

ABA- Applied Behavioral Analysis  

 

ABA

  • Applied Behavioral Analysis is a systematic, controlled, and empirical investigation of behavior. It is a scientific approach to understanding behavior and how it is affected by the environment. Its purpose is to understand, improve, and solve behavior problems.

  • Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the use of behavior analytic (learning) methods, to change socially important behavior in meaningful ways. These “socially important behaviors” may include communication and language, social skills, and adaptive behavior such as eating and toileting.

 How do we teach?

  • ABA methods can be taught in both structured and more natural environments. 

  • Discrete trials 

  • One-on-one

  • Dyads

    • One teacher and 2 students 

  • Small groups

    • One teacher and 5 students (ex- reading a story, morning meeting, social skills, centers)

  • These types of interventions are used to develop basic skills like looking, listening, and imitating, as well as complex skills like reading, conversing, and taking the perspective of others. 

Teaching Procedures

  • Teaching procedures are based on research in the field of educating students and in the field of ABA

    • Some teaching procedures implemented include:

      • Discrete trials

      • Generalization

      • Reinforcement

      • Prompting

      • Incidental teaching

      • Natural environment teaching

      • Fluency